The script and tricks in the ODF scripting section of this website show how to create office-ready texts, presentations and spreadsheets automatically, in the OpenDocument format, which is a worldwide standards. This is all many people need to work today. Sometimes, however, it’s still necessary to either print those documents, or exchange them to somebody in other formats, like PDF or those of the older releases of Microsoft Office (newer releases of this program are already partially compatible with OpenDocument through free plugins, so if your partners have those versions they should really use those plugins, instead of bothering you with requests for drug-like, legacy file formats, but that’s another story).
Of course, if you only need to print or convert to other formats only once in a while there’s no reason to not do it from OpenOffice. The simple tricks explained below, however, are a life-saver when you need to do this many times, and of course you’d like your computer to do it for you while you have a coffee or something.
On Linux systems it is easy to do all this, and even send the converted files via email, automatically. Let’s assume that you have an OpenDocument text, spreadsheet or presentation already sitting in some folder, waiting to be processed.
Both printing and conversion to PDF, HTML or MS Office formats from the command line need OpenOffice to work. In the second case, the reason is that what makes the actual work is one of the OpenOffice macros linked below: when you launch OpenOffice, it executes that macro on the file indicated by the user and then exits. Macros are not needed for printing because OpenOffice has dedicated options for that. Usage of OpenOffice from the command line is explained on the OOo wiki. In a nutshell, this is the correct syntax:
soffice -invisible macro://path-to-macro($FILE)
On some systems, you may need to provide the complete path to the soffice program. The -invisible option is what makes OpenOffice start without a graphical interface. The file to process must be passed as argument ($FILE) to the macro.
The command above is all you need if you are working on a complete Gnu/Linux desktop, that is a system that also has a graphical interface server (called X server). For the record, you can do the same thing in Windows with a batch script like this (taken from an OOoforum thread):
@ECHO OFF "c:program filesOpenOffice.org1.1.4programsoffice" -invisible "macro:///Standard.Module1.ConvertToPDF(%1)"
When you want to work inside a Linux Web or print server, instead, that is on a computer where X was never installed, you need to set up some extra variables before launching OpenOffice, otherwise it won’t start. This is how to do it (the explanation for the extra commands are in the thread in which I found them, which also includes instructions on how to install OpenOffice on a (remote) server:
export PATH=$PATH:/usr/bin/X11 export LANG=en_US export HOME=/var/www xvfb-run -a /usr/bin/soffice -invisible macro://path-to-macro($FILE)
Please note the extra piece in the actual command, that is in the last line above:
`xvfb-run -a`. Xvfb is a smaller X server used in special situations like this, when a full X wouldn’t be installable. Also, don’t forget that, depending on the server configuration and your actual needs, you’ll probably have to change the LANG and HOME variables.
Show me the macros!
The previous paragraph explains how to run OpenOffice from the command line on Linux or Windows in order to execute any macro. Let’s now look at the actual macros we need to print or save in Microsoft or other formats. There are several ones available online.
Those with the best explanation, which includes details on how to install any macro in OpenOffice, are SaveAsPDF and SaveAsDoc. The beauty of these macros is that it is very easy to modify them to save in HTML or any other format that OpenOffice can handle! You just have to substitute the right values for the file extension (MYEXTENSION) and the filter name (MY_FILTER_NAME) in this part of the macro:
cFile = Left( cFile, Len( cFile ) - 4 ) + ".MYEXTENSION" cURL = ConvertToURL( cFile ) oDoc.storeToURL( cURL, Array(_ MakePropertyValue( "FilterName", "MY_FILTER_NAME" ),)
Another macro that saves an OpenDocument file in PDF format was posted to the Fedora mailing list. Whichever macro you choose, put it in a suitable folder, accessible from the script and user account that will use it, and replace the path-to-macro string above with the actual full path to the macro in the file system.
How to print or email OpenDocument files from the command line
In order to do this we just need two other command line options of OpenOffice (see here for the complete list or type
`soffice -?` at a command prompt to get a complete listing):
soffice -invisible -p <documents...> soffice -invisible -pt <printer> <documents...>
They both print all the specified documents. The only difference between them is that the first one uses the default printer, the second looks for the printer given as first parameter.
Finally, if you also want your script to email on your behalf the files that it generated in this way, you can use the text-based Mutt email client in this way ($EMAIL_TEXT is a separate text file containing the text of the message):
mutt $RECIPIENT -s "$UBJECT" -i $EMAIL_TEXT -a $FILE_TO_BE_ATTACHED
if you find any error in this page or have any suggestion, please tell me (but remove the numbers from the email address first!)